12 Changes in the Distribution of Sablefish QS by Census Area
The tables in this section use 1990 Alaska census areas to classify sablefish QS holders into resident categories. Entities that hold QS were assigned to a census area based upon addresses they provided NMFS-RAM. Persons who reside outside of Alaska were put in a single nonresident category. The tables provide data on the initial distribution and the 1996 year-end distribution of sablefish QS holdings.1
Table 12-1a provides a summary on the QS holdings of each resident category in each of the different sablefish IFQ management areas. The table provides the initial QS holdings, the 1996 year-end QS holdings, the change in QS holdings during the year, and the percentage change in QS holdings. The table also shows the percentage of the total QS in the IFQ area that was initially issued to persons in each resident category as well as the year-end 1996 percentage of the total area QS held in each resident category.
Persons who reside outside of Alaska received the majority of the initial QS in all areas except Southeast and continued to hold most of it at the end of 1996. QS holdings by nonresidents have declined slightly in all areas since initial issuance.
Census areas that show relatively high amounts of QS held by Alaskans at the end of 1996 are: Sitka (Southeast, West Yakutat, Aleutian Islands); Petersburg/Wrangell (Southeast, West Yakutat, Central Gulf); Kodiak (Central Gulf, West Yakutat, Bering Sea); Kenai Peninsula (Central Gulf, Western Gulf, Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands).
Persons who were initial QS recipients in coastal census areas often increased their sablefish QS holdings in IFQ management areas that were more "local" to the census area. For example, persons from the Kodiak area have increased their sablefish QS holdings in the Central Gulf and Western Gulf. Similarly, persons from Sitka and Petersburg/Wrangell have increased their sablefish QS holdings in Southeast and West Yakutat.
Table 12-1b provides somewhat similar information on QS holders. The table shows, for each census area, the initial number of QS holders, the 1996 year-end number of QS holders, the change in the number of QS holders during the year, and the percentage change in the number of QS holders for each IFQ management area and census area.
For each IFQ management area and resident category, Table 12-1b also shows the initial average sablefish QS holdings, the 1996 year-end average QS holdings, the change in average QS holdings from initial issuance to year-end 1996, and the percentage change in average QS holdings.
Table 12-1b again shows that the Sitka, Petersburg/Wrangell, Kodiak Borough, and Kenai Peninsula census areas had often relatively high numbers of persons with sablefish QS. It also shows that average QS holdings in these census areas were relatively high in most IFQ management areas. The number of QS holders and average QS holdings are high in the "outside Alaska" category as well.
Table 12-1b demonstrates that in most census areas there was some consolidation of sablefish QS holdings and a reduction in the number of QS holders. In the few cases where the number of QS holders increased, the increases were very small.
Some of the decline in numbers of QS holders in the Southeast, West Yakutat, Central Gulf, and Western Gulf may be related to persons selling their CDQ compensation QS.
The decline in the number of persons in a resident category tended to lead to increases in the average QS holdings for that resident category. However, some resident categories showed decreases in average QS holdings for some IFQ areas even when the number of QS holders had declined.
Table 12-1a. Initial Allocation and Year-end 1996 QS Holders by Management Area and Census Area
Table 12-1b. Initial Allocation and Year-end 1996 QS Holders by Management Area and Census Area